What is a mouth sore?
Mouth sore; It is the name given to mucosal damage that occurs in the inner part of the mouth and cheeks, gums, tongue, sublingual and palate. When these wounds look inflamed and cause swelling, they are called aphthae. Wounds in the mouth can be caused by viruses such as herpes, or due to bacterial infections and damage to the inside of the mouth due to the consumption of hard foods. They are a very common health problem and are simple pictures that usually heal spontaneously within a few days. It is easy to see if the situation is serious or not. If mouth sores recur continuously or continue to grow and worsen after a few days, it is highly likely that there is a different underlying disease. Therefore, it should be investigated whether there is a different disease at the same time while applying the treatment for the wound. Oral wounds are observed more frequently in babies and children due to insufficient oral care or damage to the mouth during food consumption. As a result of the researches, it has been determined that the prevalence of mouth sores in women is higher than in men.
What are the symptoms of mouth sores?
Mouth sores are seen as sores that occur within 1-2 days, develop rapidly and usually heal within a few days. Symptoms seen in this process can be listed as follows:
Red-looking wounds in the mouth
Inflammation in the wound area
Swelling, pain and tenderness in the wound area
Difficulty in speaking and chewing due to pain and stinging sensation in the wound area
Painful sensation during tooth brushing
• Throat ache
What causes mouth sores?
Mouth sores can sometimes occur spontaneously due to stress and psychological factors. Apart from these situations, there are certain reasons that play a role in its formation. Misbehaviors and some health problems that play a role in the formation of these wounds include:
Genetic and systemic diseases
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
Food and drug allergies
• Consumption of extremely cold and hot foods
• Inadequate oral care and cleaning
• Consumption of alcoholic and acidic beverages
• Use of unhealthy chemical-containing toothpaste and similar oral care products
• Disorders in the structure of teeth and gums
• Weak immune system
Bacterial and viral infections
• Consumption of hard and scratching foods
How is mouth sores diagnosed?
Mouth sores can be easily diagnosed by the person, if the wound is not in the back of the mouth. For this, it is sufficient for the patient to examine the area where he feels pain in front of a mirror. If the wound occurs in areas close to the palate or throat, these wounds can be easily seen with the help of the apparatus used by dentists. Oral wounds that do not heal within a few days, cause more than normal pain and pain, and cause bleeding and fever, should be consulted to the dentist without wasting time. During the examination by the dentist, the size of the wound and the treatment method to be preferred are determined and the cause of the wound formation is investigated. In case of infection, if deemed necessary, oral cultures are taken, laboratory examinations are performed, the microbiological factor causing the infection is determined and antibiotic or antiviral treatment is started.
What is good for mouth sores and how is it treated?
Small-sized, simple mouth sores that do not affect daily life much heal quickly with simple measures that can be taken at home and the use of mouthwash. It is of great importance to consult a dentist for larger sized wounds. Mouth sores, especially when they occur in children, may lead to retardation in growth and development by causing loss of appetite and difficulty in eating. Therefore, it should be treated as soon as possible. In cases where your dentist does not recommend a different treatment, you can choose some home treatment methods by consulting your doctor. Some of the natural treatments that can be done for mouth wound care at home are as follows:
• Baking soda: Because of its antibacterial properties and healing effects on wounds, baking soda is one of the frequently preferred home care methods for healing mouth sores. You can gargle with this water that you have prepared by mixing 1 teaspoon of baking soda with a small amount of water. If the wound is in areas close to the lip, you can apply the water on the injured area with the help of a cloth.
• Sage: Sage tea, which has positive effects on the healing of infections, is also preferred for the natural treatment of mouth sores.of the methods. Herbal tea, which is prepared by boiling natural sage tea, is cooled slightly to be lukewarm in order not to burn the mouth. It is drunk without adding sugar or sweetener. Keeping it in the mouth for a while during drinking will increase its effect.
• Salt water: Gargling with this water by mixing 1 teaspoon of salt into approximately a tea glass of water contributes to both disinfection of the mouth and faster healing of wounds. It is normal to experience some tingling due to salt during this process.
Apart from natural methods, another most preferred and highly effective method for healing mouth sores is antibacterial and anti-inflammatory mouthwashes. These mouthwashes, which can be found easily in pharmacies; It provides relief from pain caused by wounds, cleans the mouth, and mouthwashes containing antibiotics also help fight infection. Therefore, it is very important to use mouthwash if recommended by your doctor.
The above-mentioned natural methods are frequently preferred home care methods in oral care, and the dentist should definitely decide whether they can be applied or which ones can be preferred. If the mouth sores are not treated correctly, they can progress and spread to different places such as tooth roots, as a result, they can reach more serious dimensions leading to tooth loss. Therefore, if the mouth wound does not heal within a few days, it is very important to go through a doctor's control. If you are wondering about the answers to questions such as what is good for intraoral wounds, what causes intraoral wounds, you can apply to a dentist for an examination and start your treatment in the light of your doctor's recommendations. If your mouth wound problem is constantly recurring, you can report this to your dentist and ask to investigate whether there is a different underlying disease.