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Adenitis is a problem that causes enlargement of one or more lymph nodes, usually due to infection. Lymph nodes are full of white blood cells that help your body fight infections. When lymph nodes become infected, it is usually because the infection has started elsewhere in your body. Rarely, lymph nodes may become enlarged due to cancer.
There are about 600 lymph nodes in the body, but normal lymph nodes can only be felt under your chin, under your arms and in the groin area. Lymph node is small and robust. When lymph nodes are infected, they often increase in size, become sensitive, and may become noticeable in other parts of your body during a physical exam.
Infections that spread to the lymph nodes are usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It is important to find out how the infection has spread to your lymph nodes so that the correct treatment can begin. Lymphadenitis is classified into two types: Localized lymphadenitis: This is the most common. Localized lymphadenitis involves one or more nodes close to the area where the infection started. For example, nodes that enlarge due to tonsillitis can be felt in the neck area.
Common lymphadenitis: This type of lymph node infection occurs in groups of two or more lymph nodes and may be caused by an infection that spreads to the bloodstream or another disease that affects the whole body.
What is Mesenteric Adenitis?
Mesenteric adenitis is an inflammation of the lymph nodes in the tissue that surrounds your intestines. Lymph nodes are organs of the immune system that help absorb bacteria and toxins in your body.
It is caused by infections caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Mesenteric adenitis can cause dehydration and loss of electrolytes (minerals) such as sodium. It can rarely cause sepsis (a serious blood infection) or abscess (a pus-filled wound) in your gut.
Many measures can be taken to prevent mesenteric adenitis. Taking care of washing hands is one of them. Use soap and water when washing hands. Wash hands after using the toilet, changing diapers, or sneezing. Wash your hands before preparing or eating food. In addition, cooking meat well is among these measures. You can use a meat thermometer to make sure the meat is heated to a temperature that will kill bacteria. Do not eat raw or undercooked chicken, turkey, seafood, beef, or pork. Consume safe waters. Do not drink water from pools or lakes. Likewise, drink safe milk and do not drink raw milk.
Causes of Adenitis
The lymphatic system (lymphatics) is a network of lymph nodes, lymph channels, lymph vessels, and organs that carry and move a fluid called lymph from tissues to the bloodstream. Lymph nodes or lymph nodes are small structures that filter lymph fluid. There are many types of white blood cells in the lymph nodes that help fight infection.
Lymphadenitis occurs when one or more lymph nodes are infected by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. When lymph nodes become infected, it is usually because the infection has started elsewhere in your body. Lymph node inflammation can occur for a variety of reasons. Any infection or virus, including the common cold, can cause the lymph nodes to swell. Cancer can also cause lymph node inflammation. This includes blood cancer such as leukemia and lymphoma.
Common Infections
Lymphadenitis is an infection of the lymph nodes. It is a common complication of some bacterial infections. Lymphadenitis occurs when the lymph becomes swollen (inflamed), usually in response to bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Swollen glands are often found close to an infection, tumor, or inflammation site. Common infections that can cause adenitis include:
    • Throat infection
    Ear infections
    Infected (abscess) tooth
    Skin or wound infections
    HIV virus; The virus that causes AIDS
Uncommon Infections
Adenitis can occur after skin infections or other infections caused by bacteria such as streptococci and staphylococci. Sometimes it is caused by rare infections such as tuberculosis or cat scratch disease (bartonella). Uncommon infections that can cause adenitis can be listed as follows:
    Some sexually transmitted infections, such as syphilis
    Toxoplasmosis; A parasitic infection caused by contact with an infected cat feces or eating undercooked meat
    Bacterial infections caused by cat scratching or biting
Adenitis Symptoms
Lymph node inflammation can cause a variety of symptoms. Symptoms depend on the cause of the swelling and the location of the swollen lymph nodes. Usually lymph nodes close to the area of ??infection are affected by the symptoms. In addition to the changes in lymph, depending on the type of infection,