What is Hemorrhoids?
"What are hemorrhoids?" The question can be answered as a disease caused by problems in the anus or anus vessels located after the large intestine. Hemorrhoids, a disease similar to varicose veins in the legs, is caused by the enlargement or swelling of the veins in the anus or anus region. In the disease that causes the formation of vascular tangles, vein tangles may hang from the anus from time to time. In some cases, vascular tangles may bleed due to compression. Hemorrhoids are a disease that can be treated, but when untreated, the tangles formed by the veins go out of the anus and cause the structure called hemorrhoids to emerge. One of the curious questions is "What does hemorrhoid mean?" The question can also be answered in this way. There are two types of hemorrhoids, internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids, or in other words, internal hemorrhoids, usually do not cause pain, while external hemorrhoids defined externally are usually painful. Clots are formed in the dilated veins, severe pain, swelling and redness are seen. Frequently asked "What is hemorrhoids?" The question can also be answered in this way.
What are the stages of hemorrhoids?
Since hemorrhoid treatment is performed in different ways according to the stage of the disease, it is extremely important to know the stages of hemorrhoids. When the picture of hemorrhoids is examined, the severity of the sagging in the area and the stages of hemorrhoids can be seen. Hemorrhoids consist of 4 stages:
• 1st Stage: In some cases in the 1st stage, which is characterized by bleeding that can contaminate the toilet paper, hemorrhoids in the form of a drop can also be seen. Hemorrhoid tissue that can be seen with rectoscopy is not visible to the naked eye. In other words, hemorrhoids do not prolapse outside the anus at this stage.
• Stage 2: Hemorrhoids hang out during defecation and then come in spontaneously. Therefore, the person may not notice the hemorrhoids.
• 3. Stage: The formation defined as the hemorrhoid is outside the anus. Hemorrhoids that cause pain often lead to edema. The hemorrhoid can only enter into the anus when it is pushed with a finger.
• Stage 4: In stage 4, when the hemorrhoid protrudes from the anus, the hemorrhoid nozzle is usually large and wet. After defecation, the person cannot be cleaned completely. As a result, the person often sees staining in his underwear. Pain may occur during sitting.
What are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids is a disease characterized by the sagging of the vein lump out of the anus, which occurs due to the relaxation of the vessels around the anus. Hemorrhoids; It occurs in the anus, in the lower part of the rectum, the last part of the large intestine, or in the lower layer of the skin around the anus. Hemorrhoids, which are common in men and women, are found in one out of every 4 people. Hemorrhoids symptoms differ according to the type of hemorrhoids:
External Hemorrhoid Symptoms
External hemorrhoid, which is a type of hemorrhoids protruding outside the body; it can get worse with strain, straining, and during cleaning. Common external hemorrhoid symptoms are as follows:
• Seeing blood in stool,
An itchy swelling or painful lump near the anus,
• Itching and discomfort around the anus,
• Pain that increases with sitting.
Internal Hemorrhoids Symptoms
Internal hemorrhoids, which can be defined as the type of hemorrhoids that occur inside the anus, usually do not cause pain. Internal hemorrhoids can cause symptoms such as:
• Seeing blood in stool,
• Blood stained on toilet paper,
• Prolapse of hemorrhoids from the anus.
Hemorrhoid symptoms can also be seen in different diseases of the digestive system, except for hemorrhoids. It can also be seen in rectal bleeding, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, colon or rectal cancers. Therefore, hemorrhoids should not be treated with herbal treatment methods or hemorrhoids used without consulting a physician. Hemorrhoid medications or "hemorrhoid creams should only be used in the recommended dose and duration, if prescribed by the physician." How does hemorrhoids pass? Frequently asked before answering the question "What causes hemorrhoids?" or in other words "What causes hemorrhoids?" It is necessary to answer their questions.
What Causes Hemorrhoids?
The veins in the anal canal are defined as hemorrhoids. With the enlargement or swelling of the veins, it causes symptoms such as bleeding, pain and / or itching. Rarely occurring before the age of 20, the disease is mostly seen in people between the ages of 45 and 65. Hemorrhoids, which are quite common in the community, are mostly caused by prolonged constipation and spending too much time on the toilet. Difficulty defecation affects blood flow in the area. Over time, the blood in the veins pooling in the area, leading to the formation of hemorrhoids. This situation is also the cause of hemorrhoids seen during pregnancy.
How Is Hemorrhoids Diagnosed?
Most people with hemorrhoids hesitate to see a doctor. Therefore, the person tries to relieve his discomfort by using hemorrhoid cream or hemorrhoid medication. In the presence of common hemorrhoid symptoms such as hemorrhoid bleeding, using hemorrhoid cream without the advice of a doctor may prolong the treatment process of the disease or delay the diagnosis of the underlying different disease. At this point, one of the frequently encountered questions is "Which doctor to go for hemorrhoids?" in the form. For hemorrhoids, the person should apply to the general surgery outpatient clinic. The physician first listens to the person's history and then performs a physical examination. In the presence of external hemorrhoids, the diagnosis can be made quickly. Additional examinations such as anal canal, rectum examination or colonoscopy may be required for the diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids. The diagnosis is made as a result of the findings obtained.
How to Treat Hemorrhoids?
External hemorrhoids may not need to be treated if they do not cause discomfort or reduce the person's quality of life. Internal hemorrhoids are treated with medication. Hemorrhoid stage also causes the treatment method of the disease to differ. Treatment of 1st and 2nd stage hemorrhoids is mostly done with medication. For treatment, the physician may prescribe medications in the form of creams, ointments or tablets. These medicines provide relief of burning, pain or swelling in the anus area, relaxation of the breech muscles and relief of hemorrhoids. Another treatment method performed without hemorrhoid surgery is sitting bath. Hemorrhoids are relieved by this treatment, which is applied by sitting in a bath of warm water. In the treatment with sclerotherapy, sagging can be eliminated by injecting into the area. Apart from these, various procedures requiring outpatient intervention can be performed in the 2nd and 3rd stage hemorrhoids. It is decided which procedure will be performed after examination and evaluations. In 3rd and 4th stage hemorrhoids, treatment is performed with hemorrhoid surgery. Operations performed under general or local anesthesia are the most effective methods in hemorrhoid treatment. The probability of recurrence of hemorrhoids after hemorrhoid surgery is extremely low.